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Common challenges in manufacturing:

100% assurance in cognitive quality control not sampling
  • In high volume production lines, visual inspection becomes the bottleneck process. Conflict between speed and QC

  • Quality control usually done in batches – wasteful loss on batch reject, risk of batchlevel approvals.

Traditional machine vision has not worked
  • Most existing machine vision solutions detect anomalies and not defects.

  • They are not equipped to handle drift in manufacturing process, causing high cost of repurposing

Calibration of economic and quality levers
  • In high volume production lines, visual inspection becomes the bottleneck process. Conflict between speed and QC

  • Quality control usually done in batches – wasteful loss on batch reject, risk of batchlevel approvals.

Reliance on individuals - Expensive and shortage of expertise
  • Unavailability of trained Subject Matter Experts (SME). Loss of community knowledge when SME quits

  • Manual Inspection is highly subjective. Results in inconsistent output. Human accuracy rarely exceeds 85%, usually due to employee fatigue. Leads to excess false positives, wasteful rejection

Quality control in manufacturing

Traditional QC
  • Manual inspection of basic defects that an eye can see (cognitive and measurable) – at a batch level/QC by sampling

  • Lower accuracy levels, defect leakage and bottlenecks in production line

Evolved QC
  • Using machine vision (cameras) to detect anomalies (anything that doesnt look like a perfect model)

  • Only able to detect defects at a basic level.

  • Image to image comparisons result in high false positives.

Next Generation QC
  • AI powered Automated Cognitive Quality Control Solution

  • Using AI to understand defects and its types and make intelligent decisions that ensure high quality products – just like a good subject matter expert would

  • Fully automated, high accuracy, high speed and consistency.

  • Integrated with Industry 4.0 platforms to enable and effective intervention  for better quality

Our Solutions
Vertical solutions for Incoming, In-process(Individual/Mulit-line) and final Inspection leveraging..

Surface defect - object detection

​Designed to look for specifically defined objects -  can be trained and added to defect library

Anomaly detection

​Anomaly Detection aims to identify anomalies - Anything that doesnt look like the original is a defect

Assembly verification - classification

Designed to look for low no of defects in specific areas

Audio defect

​Designed to look for variations in decible levels and vibrations

Identification services

Designed to look for anomalies on printed material - labels, barcodes and QR Codes

Industries we work with


  • Fine blanking and forging part - surface defects - dents, damages, scratches, cracks,rust/colour difference

  • Assembly and casting parts - process/part missing, product sorting, Counting in
    packaging and assemblies, Wet leak test

  • Ground and machine parts - Counting in packages and assemblies

  • Radiography - defects on Xray - porosity, shrinkage

  • Print quality - colour, offsets, misprints, smudges. Content error

  • Noise-based inspection (NVH) - Seatbelt, Car horn

  • All Products - product sorting, dimension measurement

General Manufacturing

  • Packaging and printing - colour, offsets, misprints, smudges. Content error

  • Textiles - holes, gaps, stitch defects, colour differences, etc.

  • Machine tools - parts missing, Wrong sequence in assembly

  • Airconditioning - validating ducts/tubes and final packaging

  • Solar panels - surface defects - dents, damages, scratches, cracks,
    colour difference

  • Electricals - presence/absence


  • Vials and cartridges - surface defects on containers, foreign particle presence, bubble detection

  • Tablets and capsules - surface defects, foreign particles

  • Needles - surface defects, dimension measurement


  • Printed circuit boards - presence/absence

  • Assemblies (capacitor/resistor) - validation, presence/absence

  • Soldering - Wrong/improper soldering


  • Packaging - colour, offsets, misprints, smudges. Content error

  • damages - crushed, broken, discoloured food products

  • assembly - parts missing, Wrong sequence in assembly, counting

  • Product inspection - presence/absence

& Logistics

  • Palletizating Count Verification

  • Inbound/Outbound package verification

  • Product Counting

  • Inbound/Outbound Invoice Validation

In-machine Realtime Inspection 

  • Authentication process (automated) - surface defects, dimension measurement
    Parts missine, colour, offsets, misprints, smudges. Content error. Wrong sequence in assembly, Wrong /improper soldering

Cutting Edge Analytics identifying process drifts

Step 1. Training data to AI 

QC Baseline (50 samples) 


Step 2. AI in production

Raw image with AI inference

CEAIP 2.png
  • Labels indicates data collected

  • Captures “community knowledge”, which acts as benchmark

  • Matches shop floor information with reality

Step 3. Outcome from Heatmap Production trend 

Month 1 in production: 514 instances

CEAIP 3.png

Month 2 in production: 429 instances

CEAIP 4.png
  • Month 1 closely reflecting trained data 

  • Month 2 – process drift identified ! Major occurrences of defect changed orientation

  • Visual summary of occurrence trend for each type of defect by location

  • Critical input for Preventive Action and continuous improvement

Cutting Edge Analytics recognizing and Clustering Defects


The Cluster map shows…

  • Pattern in defects will be identified and grouped as clusters

  • Mapping of existing defects

  • Simultaneous mapping of other possible defects/features not trained to AI model

Key Outcomes of the analysis

  • Helps prioritize focus areas

  • Allows to identify clusters and reclassify them as OK or NG

  • Allows for continuous upskilling for new defect identification and improving accuracy of the end product

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